Pearl of the High Valtellina, Livigno is located between the Stelvio and the Engadine. It is an enchanting valley that stretches for 12 km. between two chains of mountains that descend gently from 3000 m. at 1800m. of the country.
With the nearby and charming hamlet of Trepalle, the highest permanent settlement in Europe, Livigno is one of the most renowned tourist resorts in the Alps which offers the visitor wonderful holidays in contact with nature and with the Alpine tradition for the whole of the year.
Already in the 1600s there were more than a hundred “scattered farmhouses, where each family leads a life of its own” in Livigno.
The permanent huts (typical house in Livigno) in fact stood in the center of the “home meadows” and to them corresponded a series of minor locations for the movements of the livestock according to the depletion of pasture and the changing of the seasons, in the permanent struggle with a hostile environment, condemned to isolation by a very long winter.
In the past in Livigno, although the houses scattered among the meadows along the ancient road certainly did not favor a real aggregation in the typical structure of the district, there were nevertheless precise lines of demarcation which separated the communities gathered around one or the other other of the local churches.
These were the only center of social and cultural life in a world preserved for centuries in archaic dimensions following traditions and customs in which religious practice was fundamental.
The localities that followed one another along the road thus took the name of the church erected and maintained at the expense of the various social groups, who often came together due to kinship ties, neighboring properties, common use of particular sectors of maggengo, woodland, pasture.
Thus, the social organization in districts was outlined. Going up the valley from north to south, the main towns of Santa Maria, Sant’Antonio, San Rocco and Santa Maria di Florino could be distinguished. Here there were churches where people officiated regularly.
Until the mass development of the tourist phenomenon in the 1960s, with the consequent massive and showy transformation of the whole valley, the rhythms of local life were marked exclusively by cattle breeding, the needs of which conditioned the very logic of the settlement.
Skiing, climbing, climbing, flying, walking, cycling. Being outdoors to breathe the pure air of the woods and the scent of the meadows. Listen to the silence of nature that surrounds you and the melody of the Acqua Granda that crosses the village slowly.